When it for you to new inventions, one must be quite protective as well as careful too. The reason being is the business world can be quite a murky place, where corporate maneuvers are possible in the arena of patents and intellectual property rights. Patents represent technological strength that innovators must arm themselves with guarantee that their innovation can be protected. One may use of special software to be sure that the patent being sought to be filed does not already exist. This as an activity that is independently verified by the patent attorney too before one files for a patent with the patent authorities.
There are some specific requirements of patents. For one, it has to be able to proved that the invention is indeed unique and is not an insignificant improvement over what existed earlier. Individual governments give patents to the innovator as well society. These patents help the innovator produce their invention on mass scale without fearing undue competition. These patents help to deter free riders and idea thieves who might steal necessary innovation without paying for R&D or creating any effort.
It is required that you file the patents before because it's invention public. If it's disclosed prior to being implemented, it wouldn't be granted a patent as one cannot patent ideas. But if you file a patent with sketches and descriptions of the invention duly notarized, the USPTO would accept it and hold it for just two years.
Patents are not only for physical inventions as you also can patent a business method. These are part of the utility patents which protect chemical formulae and discoveries away from inventions. In the past, these non physical and process or business method patents were neglected. The situation has changed now, with business method patents being tenable and maintainable.
Design patents could be a useful tool to protect innovative designs ideas inventions in computer equipment and peripherals. New, original commercial designs for products can be protected relatively inexpensively, thereby preventing a competitor from making a product which looks identical to an active product. Design patents only cover an item's look or form. Design patents do NOT protect an idea or perhaps an invention, but rather only protect ornamental design of what exactly is pictured. This implies that they are weaker than a utility patent, but as it is VERY easy you transortation should consider in order to round out your portfolio.